Injection-Site Pain

Injection-Site PainWhich factors influence pain upon subcutaneous injection?Biologics such as vaccines, insulin, monoclonal antibodies, etc., that are now widely developed need to be administered parenterally. While the intravenous (IV) route has historically been the most widely used,  the subcutaneous (SC) route is now accepted and presented as safe and effective, whether in the context of chronic disease or in palliative
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Understanding neurogenic inflammation

Understanding Pain & Neurogenic InflammationCan our understanding of pain and neurogenic inflammation help in predicting and managing injection-related pain?Nociception, the neural processes of encoding and processing noxious stimuli, and the sensation of pain are initiated by extreme pressures, temperatures, toxic substances, and inflammatory mediators capable of causing tissue injury. These strong stimuli are recognized by specific nerve cells in the
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